Trees of the Adirondack Park

The table below contains a listing of native tree species in the Adirondack region of upstate New York, based on data from the New York Flora Atlas produced by the New York Flora Association. Nomenclature follows the New York Flora Atlas. The list was created by searching the digital atlas for those tree species present in Warren, Herkimer, Hamilton, Franklin, Essex, and Clinton counties.

Scientific Name Common Name Family
Abies balsamea balsam fir Pinaceae
Acer negundo var. negundo box-elder, ash-leaved maple Aceraceae
Acer nigrum black maple Aceraceae
Acer pensylvanicum striped maple Aceraceae
Acer rubrum × A. saccharinum = A. ×freemanii Freeman's maple Aceraceae
Acer rubrum var. rubrum common red maple Aceraceae
Acer saccharinum silver maple Aceraceae
Acer saccharum sugar maple Aceraceae
Acer spicatum mountain maple Aceraceae
Amelanchier arborea downy shadbush Rosaceae
Amelanchier bartramiana mountain shadbush Rosaceae
Amelanchier canadensis var. canadensis coastal shadbush Rosaceae
Amelanchier humilis low shadbush Rosaceae
Amelanchier intermedia intermediate shadbush Rosaceae
Amelanchier laevis smooth shadbush Rosaceae
Amelanchier sanguinea round-leaved shadbush Rosaceae
Betula alleghaniensis yellow birch Betulaceae
Betula cordifolia mountain paper birch Betulaceae
Betula cordifolia × B. populifolia = B. ×caerulea blue birch Betulaceae
Betula lenta black birch Betulaceae
Betula nigra river birch Betulaceae
Betula papyrifera paper birch Betulaceae
Betula populifolia gray birch Betulaceae
Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana musclewood, ironwood, American hornbeam Betulaceae
Carya cordiformis bitternut hickory Juglandaceae
Carya glabra pignut hickory Juglandaceae
Carya ovata shagbark hickory Juglandaceae
Carya tomentosa mockernut hickory Juglandaceae
Castanea dentata American chestnut Fagaceae
Celtis occidentalis northern hackberry Cannabaceae
Cornus alternifolia pagoda dogwood, alternate-leaved dogwood Cornaceae
Cornus amomum ssp. amomum silky dogwood Cornaceae
Cornus florida flowering dogwood Cornaceae
Crataegus biltmoreana Biltmore hawthorn Rosaceae
Crataegus brainerdii Brainerd's hawthorn Rosaceae
Crataegus chrysocarpa var. chrysocarpa common fireberry hawthorn Rosaceae
Crataegus coccinea var. coccinea scarlet hawthorn Rosaceae
Crataegus coccinea var. pringlei Pringle's hawthorn Rosaceae
Crataegus intricata entangled hawthorn Rosaceae
Crataegus irrasa New York hawthorn Rosaceae
Crataegus macrosperma large-seeded hawthorn Rosaceae
Crataegus pruinosa frosted hawthorn Rosaceae
Crataegus punctata dotted hawthorn Rosaceae
Crataegus scabrida rough hawthorn Rosaceae
Crataegus submollis northern downy hawthorn Rosaceae
Crataegus succulenta var. succulenta succulent hawthorn Rosaceae
Diospyros virginiana persimmon Ebenaceae
Fagus grandifolia American beech Fagaceae
Fraxinus americana white ash Oleaceae
Fraxinus nigra black ash Oleaceae
Fraxinus pennsylvanica green ash Oleaceae
Ilex opaca var. opaca American holly Aquifoliaceae
Juglans cinerea butternut Juglandaceae
Juglans nigra black walnut Juglandaceae
Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana eastern red cedar Cupressaceae
Larix laricina tamarack Pinaceae
Liquidambar styraciflua sweet-gum Altingiaceae
Liriodendron tulipifera tulip tree, tulip poplar, yellow poplar Magnoliaceae
Morus rubra red mulberry Moraceae
Nyssa sylvatica black-gum, sour-gum Nyssaceae
Ostrya virginiana hop hornbeam, ironwood Betulaceae
Picea glauca white spruce Pinaceae
Picea mariana black spruce Pinaceae
Picea rubens red spruce Pinaceae
Pinus banksiana jack pine Pinaceae
Pinus echinata short-leaved pine Pinaceae
Pinus resinosa red pine Pinaceae
Pinus rigida pitch pine Pinaceae
Pinus strobus white pine Pinaceae
Pinus virginiana Virginia pine Pinaceae
Platanus occidentalis eastern sycamore Platanaceae
Populus balsamifera balsam poplar Salicaceae
Populus deltoides ssp. deltoides eastern cottonwood Salicaceae
Populus grandidentata big-toothed aspen Salicaceae
Populus heterophylla swamp cottonwood Salicaceae
Populus tremuloides trembling aspen, quaking aspen Salicaceae
Prunus pensylvanica pin cherry, fire cherry Rosaceae
Prunus serotina var. serotina wild black cherry Rosaceae
Ptelea trifoliata var. trifoliata hop-tree, wafer-ash Rutaceae
Quercus alba white oak Fagaceae
Quercus bicolor swamp white oak Fagaceae
Quercus coccinea scarlet oak Fagaceae
Quercus ilicifolia scrub oak, bear oak Fagaceae
Quercus macrocarpa bur oak Fagaceae
Quercus montana chestnut oak Fagaceae
Quercus muehlenbergii yellow oak, chinquapin oak Fagaceae
Quercus palustris pin oak Fagaceae
Quercus prinoides dwarf chestnut oak Fagaceae
Quercus rubra northern red oak Fagaceae
Quercus stellata post oak Fagaceae
Quercus velutina black oak Fagaceae
Rhus typhina stag-horn sumac Anacardiaceae
Salix nigra black willow Salicaceae
Sorbus americana American mountain-ash Rosaceae
Sorbus decora northern mountain-ash Rosaceae
Thuja occidentalis northern white cedar, arbor vitae Cupressaceae
Tilia americana var. americana American basswood Malvaceae
Tsuga canadensis eastern hemlock Pinaceae
Ulmus americana American elm Ulmaceae
Ulmus rubra slippery elm Ulmaceae
Ulmus thomasii rock elm Ulmaceae

Adirondack Trees

The above list of native tree species present in the Adirondack region includes trees from the following families: Aceraceae, Altingiaceae, Anacardiaceae, Aquifoliaceae, Betulaceae, Cannabaceae, Cornaceae, Cupressaceae, Ebenaceae, Fagaceae, Juglandaceae, Magnoliaceae, Malvaceae, Moraceae, Nyssaceae, Oleaceae, Pinaceae, Platanaceae, Rhamnaceae, Rosaceae, Rutaceae, Salicaceae, Ulmaceae.

This list has the following limitations:

  • The New York Flora Atlas is organized by county. The boundaries of the Adirondack Park do not coincide with county boundaries. Only those counties with land area that falls totally or mainly within the Park were searched to create the list above: Warren, Herkimer, Hamilton, Franklin, Essex, and Clinton. Two of these counties – Hamilton and Essex – fall totally within the boundaries of the Adirondack Park. The other four counties (Warren, Herkimer, Franklin, and Clinton) contain areas which fall outside the Park. For that reason, some of tree species on the list may be plants that fall within county boundaries, but outside the Blue Line.
  • The tree list above does not include the six counties (Washington, St. Lawrence, Lewis, Fulton, Oneida, and Saratoga) on the periphery of the Park that fall mainly outside Park boundaries. The list may exclude tree species in those counties that occur within the Blue Line.
  • The distribution maps in the New York Flora Atlas are based on vouchered specimens only. Some tree species may be present within the Park, but not included in the Atlas because a voucher specimen has never been collected. The current Atlas is considered preliminary and in a draft stage. The list of tree species in the Adirondack region will likely change, as the New York Flora Atlas is revised, improved, and developed.
  • The New York Flora Atlas categorizes each species according to growth habit. Plants of some species may grow either into shrubs or small trees, depending on their growing conditions. For such species, two growth habits (tree and shrub) are listed in the Atlas. Determining which species to include in the tree list and which to include in the shrub list was based on how each species was categorized in the list of native plants in Preliminary List of Species Native Within the Adirondack Park Listed Alphabetically by Scientific Name and Sorted by Habit.
  • The list includes only species listed as native in the Atlas. Some nonnative tree species, such as Norway Spruce and Scotch Pine were used to reforest areas devastated by fire or intensive logging. These species are commonly encountered along some Adirondack trails, but are not included in this list of native species.


New York Flora Association.  New York Flora Atlas. Retrieved 21 February 2017.

New York State. Adirondack Park Agency. Preliminary List of Species Native Within the Adirondack Park Listed Alphabetically by Scientific Name and Sorted by Habit. Volume 1. Updated 10.23.2006. Retrieved 26 January 2017.


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